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Dark Spots on the Skin: What They Are and How To Get Rid of Them

Dark Spots on the Skin: What They Are and How To Get Rid of Them

From moles to freckles, nearly everybody has variation in skin tone that leads to some areas being darker than others. Skin discoloration can occur for many reasons and leave some people feeling the need to repair the discoloration. To determine whether you should get rid of your dark spots, it first helps to understand why you have them.

Age Is Often a Factor

For many people, the appearance of hyperpigmentation is simply a sign of aging. Although most people begin to exhibit hyperpigmentation upon reaching middle age, those who exposed themselves to more UV light in younger years often develop darker spots or more of them, especially on the face, arms, shoulders and other places that receive lots of direct sunlight.

Sometimes Dark Spots Are Due to a Skin Condition

Several skin conditions are known to cause dark spots. The most common type is known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, which is a type of discoloration that occurs after acne or another type of inflammatory lesion. Other possible causes include:

  • Melasma
  • Chloasma
  • Poikiloderma of Civatte
  • Linea nigra
  • Riehl’s Melanosis
  • Erythromelanosis follicularis

Medication Could Contribute to Dark Spots

Some types of medication cause patients to become more sensitive to sunlight, which may result in dark spots. These include some estrogen pills, antibiotics in the tetracycline family and medications that include amiodarone to treat irregular heartbeat. Sometimes, anticonvulsants, phenothiazines or sulfonamides can cause discoloration as well. If you suspect one of your medications may be the culprit, consider asking your doctor if there is an alternative treatment.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Dark Spots

If your skin is developing hyperpigmentation and you aren’t sure why, talk to your physician or a dermatologist. He or she can help you determine the cause and whether you should treat them. Even if your dermatologist doesn’t see a medical reason to remove dark spots, you may choose to do so for cosmetic reasons. An increasingly popular treatment option is the PicoSure system. The FDA-approved laser treatment aids in removing several types of hyperpigmentation, including freckles, dark stretch marks or acne scars, brown spots and pigmented lesions.

How It Works

PicoSure uses tiny pulses to penetrate the dark spots on your skin and break down the damaged layers, boosting production of elastin and collagen and creating smoother, healthier skin in the process. Although most people feel a bit of tenderness for a couple of days afterward, the treatment causes minimal pain and discomfort overall and does not require as many appointments as some other options.

Many laser skin treatment professionals, including Newport Tattoo Removal, now use PicoSure as a standard treatment option for dark spots. Consider checking into the treatment for a minimally invasive way to feel more comfortable in your skin. You can receive a free consultation at Newport Tattoo Removal by calling: (949) 631-9009.

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